The Veterinary Dental Society reports that by the age of three 80% of dogs and 70% of cats have dental disease. Dental disease can lead to abscess formation, pain, and loss of healthy tissue, such as bone or the tooth itself. It has also been implicated in distant infections of the heart, liver, kidneys and other organs.
Plaque develops when bacteria in the mouth form a film on the surface of the tooth. Without home dental care, like brushing and dental treats, plaque solidifies into tartar as it is calcified by minerals in the saliva. Tartar under the gum line leads to inflammation called gingivitis. Gingivitis in turn causes periodontal disease where the gum line recedes and pockets form around the tooth. Eventually the inflammation and infection degrade the boney socket causing the tooth to become mobile and even fall out. Once gingivitis has started, the only way to reverse the process is to have a professional dental cleaning performed. River Cove Animal Hospital utilizes the latest techniques and equipment to provide the best dental care for your pet.